WISS Today Article

By Roshiley Tilistyak, Nursing Coordinator



As we all go on to different destination for the summer holiday and enjoy the long vacation at home or visiting other places, we would like to be as healthy as possible and avoid injury or getting sick. Please take time to read most common summer safety hazards and how to avoid them.

When out under the sun, cover up and stay in the shade whenever possible. Limit the sun exposure

During the peak intensity hours which is between

10 a.m. and 4 p.m. Wear a wide brim hat and sunglasses, use sunscreen with an SPF 15 and above and reapply every two hours, or after swimming or sweating. Use extra caution near water and sand as they reflect UV rays and may result in sunburn more quickly. Drink plenty of fluids before any outdoor activities and if feeling dizzy, lightheaded or nauseated promptly move to cooler environments.

While fireworks are beautiful and exciting, it can result in severe burns, blindness, scars, and even death. Fireworks that are often thought to be safe, such as sparklers, can reach temperatures above 1000 degrees Fahrenheit, and can burn users and bystanders.

Families should attend community fireworks displays run by professionals rather than using fireworks at home.

Bugs are a nuisance and some can transmit diseases. Avoid attracting them by avoiding use of scented soaps, perfumes or hair sprays as well as wearing clothing with bright colors or flowery prints, these attracts bugs more. Stagnant pools of water, uncovered foods and gardens where flowers are in bloom are areas where insects nests. Avoid them and eliminate stagnant water in your yard, if possible. Use insect repellants containing DEET when needed to prevent insect-related diseases. Remember, ticks can transmit Lyme disease, and mosquitoes can transmit West Nile, Zika virus, Chikungunya virus, Dengue fever and other viruses.

Photo credit: http://www.healthactionpartnership.org/2010/08/5-tips-for-safe-biking-for-kids/

Remove a visible stinger from skin by the use of tweezer, credit card, or other similar objects. Gently back it out by scraping.

Playgrounds are lots of fun but watch out for hazards such as hooks, protruding bolt ends and loose or moving parts. Make sure slides are cool to prevent children’s legs from getting burned. Always supervise children on play equipment to make sure they are safe.

Bicycle, skateboard, scooter and in-line skating are a great way to be active but safety is very important.  Wear a helmet  and other protective gear for preventing and minimizing head injuries on every ride, no matter how short or how close to home. Many injuries happen in driveways, on sidewalks, and on bike paths, not just on streets.

Swimming pools and beach are real exciting during summer but never leave children alone in or near the pool or beach, even for a moment; close supervision by a responsible adult is the best way to prevent drowning in children.

For open water swimming, a lifeguard (or another adult who knows about water rescue) needs to be watching children whenever they are in or near the water. Make sure your child knows never to dive into water except when permitted by an adult who knows the depth of the water and who has checked for underwater objects. Never let your child swim in canals or any fast moving water.

Whatever you do during your summer holiday, Stay Safe and Stay Healthy!